What Are The Best Exercises To Cure Vertigo?

What Are The Best Exercises To Cure Vertigo?
Most Effective At Home Vertigo Exercises

The recent growing prevalence of vertigo brings with it many calls for help from people struggling with this debilitating condition.   

At Rosanna Physio, our vertigo patients invariably ask us if there are any effective exercise that can be done at home that provide relief from vertigo when it strikes?  

The answer is yes, and for anyone that suffers from vertigo, this blog is a must read that we hope will help those in need.  We will cover off the efficacy of the Brandt-Daroff, Semont, Epley, and Foster exercises for vertigo management. 

These exercises, which are grounded in principles of gravity and body positioning, can offer you a valuable way to manage vertigo symptoms at home.  

We will also discuss vertigo’s causes, symptoms, and treatment options, thereby equipping you with knowledge to better manage this challenging condition.   

So, if you regularly struggle with vertigo, or even if you only get it occasionally, please be sure to read this valuable blog to understand what you can do to help manage this frustrating and disorientating condition that can stop so many people from doing what they love in life. 

First Lets Understand Vertigo

The inner ear is an incredible intricate structure that is crucial for our balance and body positioning.

To comprehend the intricacies of vertigo, it is first important to understand its causes, symptoms, and the treatment options available.  

Vertigo, a sensation of feeling off balance, is often caused by issues within the inner ear or brain. It is typically characterised by a spinning sensation or feeling of movement when stationary, often accompanied by nausea and dizziness.

Vertigo can profoundly impact an individual’s quality of life, making routine tasks challenging.  At a high level, treatment options vary depending on the cause and severity, encompassing everything from vestibular rehabilitation therapy (an evidence-based and beneficial service we provide at Rosanna Physio) and canalith repositioning maneuvers to medication, lifestyle changes, and in severe cases, surgery. 

What Are The Causes Behind Vertigo, BPPV and Inner Ear Issues

Understanding the causes of vertigo is fundamental, as it allows for more targeted and effective treatment strategies. Vertigo usually arises from issues within the inner ear or brain. Inner ear problems, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), are often the culprit.  

BPPV occurs when tiny calcium particles clump up in the inner ear, causing brief episodes of mild to intense dizziness. Other inner ear problems like Meniere’s disease, vestibular neuritis, or labyrinthitis can also trigger vertigo. 

Certain drugs, migraines, and even dehydration can lead to vertigo as well. Furthermore, some types of strokes and tumors can cause vertigo. By discerning the root causes, healthcare professionals can devise individualized exercise regimens to alleviate vertigo symptoms.

Recognising Vertigo Symptoms

While it is crucial to identify the underlying causes of vertigo, recognising its distinct symptoms is equally important for accurate diagnosis and treatment. Vertigo is typically characterised by the following primary symptoms: 

Individuals suffering from vertigo often report feeling as though they or their surroundings are moving, even when they are stationary.

This is a common symptom and usually involves a perception of spinning, tilting, or swaying.

Many people with vertigo struggle with maintaining balance, which can lead to unsteadiness or falls.

Understanding these symptoms can enable caregivers, family members, and individuals themselves to identify the onset of vertigo swiftly and seek timely professional intervention, thereby minimising its disruptive impact on daily life.

What Are Some Effective Vertigo Treatments?

Navigating through a myriad of treatment options can be overwhelming, yet a targeted approach to relieving vertigo symptoms can significantly enhance a patient’s quality of life. 

Key to this are exercises such as the Semont and Epley maneuvers, which both utilize gravity to dislodge the crystals causing vertigo. 

For those needing a less intensive approach, the Foster maneuver, also known as the half somersault, offers an alternative.  

Please see the following sections for video demonstrations of these exercises. 

Vertigo can stop people dead in their tracks for days at a time. There is help available - call us to learn more about vestibular physiotherapy.

Beyond at home vertigo exercise, vestibular rehabilitation therapy, medications, and lifestyle changes are also effective treatments.  As healthcare providers, our role is to guide patients through these choices, utilising our knowledge and expertise to provide individualised, compassionate care that empowers patients to manage their vertigo and regain their balance.

Brandt-Daroff Exercises Explained

In the area of exercises designed for vertigo relief, the Brandt-Daroff exercise plays a significant role due to its effectiveness and simplicity. Primarily used to treat Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), these exercises can be done at home and do not require any special equipment. 

The exercises involve a three-step process:  

Below is a video tutorial of the Brandt-Daroff Exercise (credit: University of Michigan)

These exercises aid in the repositioning of the inner ear crystals in your head, providing relief from vertigo symptoms.

Semont, Epley and Foster Maneuvers

Beyond the Brandt-Daroff exercises, what other exercises can potentially provide relief from vertigo symptoms? 

The Semont maneuver, Epley maneuver, and Foster maneuver are other exercises that can be beneficial for vertigo sufferers. 

The Semont and Epley maneuvers are designed to move the displaced crystals in the inner ear in your head back to their correct location, thus relieving inner ear vertigo symptoms. 

Below is a video tutorial of the Semont and Epley Exercises (credit: University of Michigan)

The Foster maneuver, also known as the half somersault, is useful for those who have difficulty with the standard maneuvers due to physical limitations and moving their head as required. 

Below is a video tutorial of the Foster Exercise (credit: University of Michigan)

It’s crucial to remember that these exercises should be taught under the guidance of a qualified and experienced Physiotherapist to ensure safety and effectiveness. Incorporating these exercises into a regular at home exercise routine can contribute substantially to managing vertigo symptoms.

What Can Be Done To Prevent Vertigo Recurrence?

Implementing specific lifestyle changes and preventative measures can significantly reduce the likelihood of vertigo recurrence. As a vertigo sufferer, it is essential to adopt a proactive approach to your wellness. 

Dehydration can trigger vertigo. Ensure you are drinking adequate amounts of water daily.

Engage in exercises specifically designed to counter vertigo. These include Brandt-Daroff, Semont, Epley, and Foster maneuvers. Regularly practicing these can help sustain balance and reduce vertigo episodes.

Chronic stress can exacerbate vertigo. Incorporate stress-reducing activities such as meditation, deep breathing, or yoga into your daily routine.

Wrapping It Up, Treatment Is Available, What's Next?

In conclusion, managing vertigo is akin to navigating a maze, you need a detailed understanding of its causes, symptoms, and effective treatments such as vertigo exercises you can do at home. 

Exercises such as Brandt-Daroff, Semont, Epley, and Foster maneuvers can serve as the guiding string, leveraging gravity and body positioning to provide relief.  Remember it is important that you are first explained the theory of these exercises and taken through them step-by-step and given detailed feedback so you can effectively do them at home. 

Complemented with preventative measures and treatments like vestibular rehabilitation therapy, this comprehensive approach can empower those afflicted with vertigo to regain balance and enhance their life quality. 

Reach Out For An Assessment If Vestibular Rehabilitation Sounds Right For You

You don’t have to put up with dizziness disorders any longer – the issue is more common than you think and very treatable.  Our trained & experienced vestibular rehabilitation physio can help you regain your sense of balance & get back to doing the things you enjoy in life. 

Please schedule an appointment with Jack here or call us on (03) 4514 0975 to learn more information about the root cause of your dizziness & loss of balance and start taking the first steps to a more confident and balanced lifestyle.

 

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